Cisco to MikroTik – command translation – BGP

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In the world of network engineering, learning a new syntax can challenging especially if you need a lot of detail quickly. The command structure for RouterOS can be a bit challenging sometimes if you are used to Cisco CLI commands.  Most of us that have been in networking for a while got our start with Cisco gear and so it is helpful to draw comparisons between the commands, especially if you are trying to build a network with a MikroTik and Cisco router.

This is the first post in a series I’ve wanted to do for a while that creates a Rosetta stone essentially between IOS and RouterOS. We plan to tackle a number of other command comparisons like OSPF, MPLS and VLANs to make it easier for network engineers trained in Cisco IOS to successfully implement Mikrotik / RouterOS devices. While many commands have almost the exact same information, others are as close as possible. Since there isn’t always an exact match, sometimes you may have to run two or three commands to get the information needed.

We plan to tackle a number of other command comparisons like OSPF, MPLS and VLANs to make it easier for network engineers trained in Cisco IOS to successfully implement Mikrotik / RouterOS devices.

Using GNS for testing

We used GNS3 to emulate both Cisco IOS and RouterOS so we could compare the different commands and ensure the translation was as close as possible.

Cisc-to-MikroTik-GNS3

BGP Commands 

Cisco CommandMikroTik Command
show ip bgp summary
routing bgp peer print brief
show ip bgp neighbor
routing bgp peer print status
show ip bgp neighbor 1.1.1.1 advertised-routes
routing bgp advertisements print peer=peer_name
show ip bgp neighbor 1.1.1.1 received-routes
ip route print where received-from=peer_name
show ip route bgp
ip route print where bgp=yes
clear ip bgp 172.31.254.2 soft in
routing bgp peer refresh peer1
clear ip bgp 172.31.254.2 soft outrouting bgp peer resend peer1
BGP-Cisco(config)#router bgp 1
/routing bgp instance
set default as=2
BGP-Cisco(config-router)#neighbor 172.31.254.2 remote-as 2
/routing bgp peer
add name=peer1 remote-address=172.31.254.1 remote-as=1
BGP-Cisco(config-router)#network 100.99.98.0 mask 255.255.255.0
BGP-Cisco(config-router)#network 100.99.97.0 mask 255.255.255.0
BGP-Cisco(config-router)#network 100.99.96.0 mask 255.255.255.0
/routing bgp network
add network=100.89.88.0/24
add network=100.89.87.0/24
add network=100.89.86.0/24
BGP-Cisco(config)#router bgp 1
BGP-Cisco(config-router)#neighbor 172.31.254.2 default-originate
/routing bgp peer
add default-originate=always name=peer1 remote-address=172.31.254.1 remote-as=1

 


Examples of the MikroTik RouterOS commands from the table above


[admin@BGP-MikroTik] > routing bgp peer print brief

This is a quick way to get a list of peers/AS and their status

routing-bgp-peer-print-brief

[admin@BGP-MikroTik] > routing bgp peer print status

This is a command that will give you more detailed information about a BGP peer including MD5 auth, timers, prefixes received and the state of the peering as well as other info.

routing-bgp-peer-print-status

[admin@BGP-MikroTik] > routing bgp advertisements print peer=peer_name

This will allow you to see what BGP prefixes are actually being advertised to a peer and the nexthop that will be advertised

routing-bgp-advertisements-print-peer

[admin@BGP-MikroTik] > ip route print where received-from=peer_name

This will allow you to see what BGP prefixes are actually being received from a peer and the nexthop that will be advertised

ip-route-print-where-received-from

[admin@BGP-MikroTik] > ip route print where bgp=yes

This will allow you to see what all BGP prefixes that are in the routing table – both active and not. This is a slight difference between Cisco and MikroTik since Cisco keeps BGP routes that aren’t in the routing table in the bgp table, whereas MikroTik routers keep all routes in the routing table with a distinction between active and not.

ip-route-where-bgp-yes

[admin@BGP-MikroTik] >  routing bgp peer refresh peer_name

This will allow you to force the BGP peer to resend all prefixes without tearing down the peering – similar to a soft clear in Cisco IOS.

routing-bgp-peer-refresh

[admin@BGP-MikroTik] >  routing bgp peer resend peer_name

This will allow you to force RouterOS to resend all prefixes to the peer without tearing down the peering – similar to a soft clear in Cisco IOS.

routing-bgp-peer-resend

Configure BGP instance and peering

Here is a very basic BGP peering config with the minimum required to get BGP running for RouterOS. It includes setting the BGP AS, a peering and several networks to advertise.

routing-bgp-export

Originate a default route to a specific peer

This will configure the peering to originate or advertise a 0.0.0.0/0 route to the peer regardless of whether or not a default route already exists in the routing table. You can use the alternate default-originate=if-installed to only advertise a default route if one exists in the routing table.

routing-bgp-peer-export-default-originate

More to come

There are so many commands to consider for BGP, we probably could have added close to 100, but we decided to list the commands we use the most often to start with and will be adding to the list of BGP commands as well as others like OSPF, MPLS and VLANs in future posts.

 

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6 thoughts on “Cisco to MikroTik – command translation – BGP

    1. Sadly – this continues to be an issue with Mikrotik.

      The system at present only uses ONE CORE – even if you were to purchase the $3500 72 Core Tile Top of the Line Mikrotik – you would still have the one core issue…

      Hoping they fix this in version 7 as they have hinted…

  1. Hello Kevin,

    do you know what is command in MikroTik for mpls bgp forwarding?

    We have situation with MikroTik where we cannot do mpls bgp forwarding without LDP.
    We need to set interconnection with other AS and we cannot shutdown mpls LDP in MikroTik.

    Can you help us with some guidance?

    Best Regards!

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