Put 500,000+ BGP routes in your lab network!!! Download this VM and become your own upstream BGP ISP for testing.

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Happy New Year and welcome to the VM you can punish your routers with :-)

Hello from stubarea51.net and Happy New Year! We are back from the holidays and recharged with lots of new stuff in the world of network engineering. If you ever thought it would be cool to put a full BGP table into a lab router, GNS3 or other virtualized router, you’re not alone.

A while back, I tackled this post and got everything up and running:

http://evilrouters.net/2009/08/21/getting-bgp-routes-into-dynamips-with-video/

First of all, thanks to evilrouters.net for figuring out the hard parts so we could build this into a VM. After basking for a while in the high geek factor of this project, it gave me an idea to build a VM that could be distributed among network engineers and IT professionals. The idea is to easily spin up one or more full BGP tables to test a particular network design or convergence speed, playing with BGP attributes, etc. After a few months of tweaking it and getting the VM ready for distribution, we finally are ready to put it out for everyone to use.

Network Diagram

Here is an overview of the topology we used for testing our full BGP table. This can be done a number of different ways and you can use just about any combination of Hypervisors including VM Ware and VirtualBox which are the two downloads included in this post. In this setup, we are using a MikroTik x86 VM to peer into the Ubuntu VM that has copies of the global table. It established an EBGP peering over 10.254.253.0/24 and takes in a full table.

BGP-VM-Network-Diagram

Getting started 

First you need to download either the VM Ware or VirtualBox OVA files and import them into your hypervisor. The setup and installation of VM Ware ESXi or VirtualBox is beyond the scope of this post, so please google it if you need help.

Downloads

Download .OVA for VM Ware

Download .OVA for VirtualBox

Powering up the VM

Once you have successfully imported the VM, you will get a screen that looks like this:

BGP-VM-Startup-page

Credentials

Here are the credentials which you can change if needed.

username: bgpuser

password: bgpuser

sudo password: bgpuser

Bridging the VM NIC to your lab network

In order to have IP connectivity to another router (physical or virtual) you will need to setup the VM NIC to connect to the network you want to test on. There are a number of different ways to connect VMs into a virtual or physical network.

VM Ware – we connected the VM to the default VM management network (which is a physical server NIC) so it could reach other VMs and physical lab routers

ESXi-vswitch

 

VirtualBox – we bridged the VM to the NIC of the desktop we are running VirtualBox on so it could reach other VMs and physical lab routers

VirtualBox-network-bridged

BGP Feeds that are used in this VM

The BGP feeds that are available come from the RIPE RIS Raw Data page and were archived in January 2016. We included 6 different tables from 4 continents so you can have up to 6 unique BGP tables to use in your lab testing. See the next section for the syntax to use for one of these files.

RIPE RRCFile Name
rrc00.ripe.netISP1-Europe-Amsterdam-Jan-2016
rrc01.ripe.netISP2-Europe-London-Jan-2016
rrc06.ripe.netISP3-Asia-Tokyo-Jan-2016
rrc15.ripe.netISP4-SouthAmerica-SaoPaulo-Jan-2016
rrc11.ripe.netISP5-NorthAmerica-NewYork-Jan-2016
rrc14.ripe.netISP6-NorthAmerica-PaloAlto-Jan-2016

Important Note !!!! – Using this VM does not provide connectivity to the Internet and will likely cause an outage when connected to a production network with live BGP peerings. This VM is intended to simulate an upstream peering for testing and lab development.

Setting up a BGP peering – BGP VM

Once you have IP connectivity and can ping the router you want to peer with, you can set up a peering on the VM. Here is the command syntax – first change to the bgp directory and issue the command below (with edits for your IPs and AS numbers)

bgpuser@Full-BGP-Global-Table-VM:~$ cd bgp
bgpuser@Full-BGP-Global-Table-VM:~/bgp$ sudo ./bgp_simple.pl -myas 65000 -myip 10.254.253.112 -peerip 10.254.253.75 -peeras 65051 -p ISP1-Europe-Amsterdam-Jan-2016

Options for the BGP Peering (using the program bgp_simple ver 0.12)

bgpuser@Full-BGP-Global-Table-VM:~/bgp$ ./bgp_simple.pl

Please provide -myas, -myip, -peerip and -peeras!

bgp_simple.pl: Simple BGP peering and route injection script.
Version v0.12, 22-Jan-2011.

usage:
bgp_simple.pl:
                -myas           ASNUMBER        # (mandatory) our AS number
                -myip           IP address      # (mandatory) our IP address to source the sesion from
                -peerip         IP address      # (mandatory) peer IP address
                -peeras         ASNUMBER        # (mandatory) peer AS number
                [-holdtime]     Seconds         # (optional) BGP hold time duration in seconds (default 60s)
                [-keepalive]    Seconds         # (optional) BGP KeepAlive timer duration in seconds (default 20s)
                [-nolisten]                     # (optional) dont listen at $myip, tcp/179
                [-v]                            # (optional) provide verbose output to STDOUT, use twice to get debugs
                [-p file]                       # (optional) prefixes to advertise (bgpdump formatted)
                [-o file]                       # (optional) write all sent and received UPDATE messages to file
                [-m number]                     # (optional) maximum number of prefixes to advertise
                [-n IP address]                 # (optional) next hop self, overrides original value
                [-l number]                     # (optional) set default value for LOCAL_PREF
                [-dry]                          # (optional) dry run; dont build adjacency, but check prefix file (requires -p)
                [-f KEY=REGEX]                  # (optional) filter on input prefixes (requires -p), repeat for multiple filters
                                                        KEY is one of the following attributes (CaSE insensitive):

                                                        NEIG            originating neighbor
                                                        NLRI            NLRI/prefix(es)
                                                        ASPT            AS_PATH
                                                        ORIG            ORIGIN
                                                        NXHP            NEXT_HOP
                                                        LOCP            LOCAL_PREF
                                                        MED             MULTI_EXIT_DISC
                                                        COMM            COMMUNITY
                                                        ATOM            ATOMIC_AGGREGATE
                                                        AGG             AGGREGATOR

                                                        REGEX is a perl regular expression to be expected in a
                                                        match statement (m/REGEX/)

Without any prefix file to import, only an adjacency is established and the received NLRIs, including their attributes, are logged.

Setting up a BGP peering – Your peering router

We used a MikroTik x86 VM in ESXi for this test, but any brand of virtual or physical router that supports BGP can be used.

[admin@bgp5.iparchitechs.com] > routing bgp export          
# jan/21/2016 10:34:43 by RouterOS 6.30.1
# software id = KC33-08AQ
#
/routing bgp instance
set default as=65001
/routing bgp peer
add hold-time=30m keepalive-time=4m15s name=BGP-VM remote-address=10.254.253.112 remote-as=65000 ttl=default

Sit back and watch hundreds of thousands of prefixes torture the CPU of your router

MikroTik-VM-500k-routes

14 thoughts on “Put 500,000+ BGP routes in your lab network!!! Download this VM and become your own upstream BGP ISP for testing.

  1. Sudo password on the VMware image isn’t working. I tried all iterations of ‘bgpuser’ and none of them worked. Any ideas? Thanks for the VMs by the way, it’s going to be awesome once I can get it set up and talking to my home lab. Then it’s time to watch the smoke pour out of my ancient Cisco routers!

  2. Got it to work nicely in the lab. Only problem is that loading the full table into an adjacent Cisco ASR takes > 2 hours.. Is that a consequence of displaying all updates in the VMs console or any other insights?

    1. I probably should post an update with some tips that I’ve discovered after working with this VM for a while. You are correct that if you SSH into the VM and issue the commands in a terminal session versus running it in the VM console window, the table usually loads in 15 to 20 minutes instead of hours. This appears to be exactly as you described – a consequence of displaying over 500,000 prefixes in the console window. Also, be sure to set your BGP peering timers to 600 keepalive and 1800 hold to avoid the peering going down unexpectedly. If you want to be able to test how quickly a router can take a full table in, I typically peer a VM or another physical router to the BGP Table VM and then peer the router that i want to test to the intermediate peering point to get more accurate results for speed of convergence.

  3. wao , such a nice tool.
    I have faced an error regarding the advertisment of BGP updates :
    bind() failed at /usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2/Net/BGP/process.pm line 220
    at ./bgp_simple.pl line 246

    Nothing is advertised.
    Please advise on this

  4. Thank you so much for the great work Kevin , just tested it in Lab ..great to have such a tool to see the real capacities of your internet edge devices , before you actually expose them to full internet BGP RIB…

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